History of Ireland

Meaning of the Symbols

Circle of Life: No beginning and no end, this symbol represents the unwinding path that we are all travelling on.

St. Patrick: Estimates suggest Patrick practiced his faith in what is now modern day Northern Ireland from 428AD onwards until his death on what is now St. Patrick’s Day.

Round Towers: A symbol of the Irish Christian faith, the Round Towers were built all over the country sometime between the 9th and 12th centuries.

Vikings: Viking Raiders came down from Scandinavia and pillaged Irelands towns. The Vikings tried to take Ireland over, but Brian Boru defeated them at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014. Norman

Invasion: The help of Norman invaders was partially what allowed Henry II to force Irish kings to submit and to take Ireland for the English Crown in 1199.

Battle of the Boyne: Battle between Catholic King James II and Protestant King William in 1690.

United Irishmen: A group formed in 1791 who wanted to see fairness towards Irish Catholics. Their goals were Catholic Emancipation, repealing the remaining Penal Laws against Catholics, and to abolish tithe laws.

Irish Flag: The tricolor Irish flag has green to represent the Gaelic tradition and culture, orange to represent the Protestant community, and white in the middle to represent the hope of peace between the two.

Famine: The Great Famine was caused by a combination of massive crop failure and corruption of Landlords.

Famine Ships: The name give to the ships that carried people out of Ireland during the Famine.

GPO: During the Easter Rising of 1916, the Irish Republican Brotherhood took control of key buildings in Dublin, using the General Post Office as their headquarters.

Partition: The Government of Ireland Act of 1920 separated Ireland into North and South.

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